Raising Taxes Very Rarely Results In As Much Revenue As One Expects
You have to do it the hard way by improving the health of the economy, no alternatives.
The best way to increase governmental tax receipts is to increase the health of the underlying economy so the velocity of money is higher. Countries often find this out the hard way. In the United States, individual states find it out the hard way, as well.
Biologists now think there is a larger spectrum than just binary female and male
The baby was fine—but follow-up tests had revealed something astonishing about the mother. Her body was built of cells from two individuals, probably from twin embryos that had merged in her own mother’s womb. And there was more. One set of cells carried two X chromosomes, the complement that typically makes a person female; the other had an X and a Y. Halfway through her fifth decade and pregnant with her third child, the woman learned for the first time that a large part of her body was chromosomally male. “That’s kind of science-fiction material for someone who just came in for an amniocentesis,” says James
Sex can be much more complicated than it at first seems. According to the simple scenario, the presence or absence of a Y chromosome is what counts: with it, you are male, and without it, you are female. But doctors have long known that some people straddle the boundary—their sex chromosomes say one thing, but their gonads (ovaries or testes) or sexual anatomy say another. Parents of children with these kinds of conditions—known as intersex conditions, or differences or disorders of sex development (DSDs)—often face difficult decisions about whether to bring up their child as a boy or a girl. Some researchers now say that as many as 1 person in 100 has some form of DSD.
Effects of domestic violence on children, result from witnessing domestic violence in a home where one of their parents are abusing the other parent, plays a tremendous role on the well-being and developmental growth of children witnessing the violence.
Children who witness domestic violence in the home often believe that they are to blame, live in a constant state of fear and are 15 times more likely to be victims of child abuse.
Close observation during an interaction can alert providers to the need for further investigation and intervention, such as dysfunctions in the physical, behavioral, emotional, and social areas of life, and can aid in early intervention and assistance for child victims.
The physical effects of domestic violence on children, different than the effects of direct abuse, can start when they are fetus in their mother’s womb, can result in low infant birth weights, premature birth, excessive bleeding, and fetal death, due to the mother’s physical trauma and emotional stress. Increased maternal stress during the times of abuse, especially when combined with smoking and drug abuse, can also lead to premature deliveries and low weight babies.When a woman is stressed while pregnant, the baby can be born with stress and anxiety and can sometimes have problems with growth.
Older children can sometimes turn the stress towards behavioral problems. Sometimes children who see the abuse turn to drugs, hoping to take the pain away. The children, however, will exhibit physical symptoms associated with their behavioral or emotional problems, such as being withdrawn from those around them, becoming non-verbal, and exhibiting regressed behaviors such as being clingy and whiney. Anxiety often accompanies a physical symptom in children who witness domestic violence in the home. If their anxiety progresses to more physical symptoms, they may show signs of tiredness from lack of sleep and weight and nutritional changes from poor eating habits.
Children may think that violence is an acceptable behavior of intimate relationships and become either the abused or the abuser.
An estimated 1/5 to 1/3 of teenagers subject to viewing domestic violent situations experience teen dating violence, regularly abusing or being abused by their partners verbally, mentally, emotionally, sexually or physically. 30% to 50% of dating relationships can exhibit the same cycle of escalating violence in their marital relationships.
Children exposed to violence in their home often have conflicting feelings towards their parents; For instance, distrust and affection often coexist for the abuser.The child becomes overprotective of the victim and feels sorry for them.
They often develop anxiety, fearing that they may be injured or abandoned, that the child’s parent being abused will be injured, or that they are to blame for the violence that is occurring in their homes.
Grief, shame, and low self-esteem are common emotions that children exposed to domestic violence experience
Depression is a common problem for children who experience domestic violence. The child often feels helpless and powerless. More girls internalize their emotions and show signs of depression than boys. Boys are more apt to act out with aggression and hostility.
Witnessing violence in the home can give the child the idea that nothing is safe in the world and that they are not worth being kept safe which contributes to their feelings of low self-worth and depression.
Double or triple the rate of plastics and Make counters for getting back the extra incurred charge by depositing the plastics
Any seller can make such counter, keep the plastic sorted and return back the plastic to the company who has produced it.
Generic plastic counters can also be made where any plastic can be deposited, and some incentives to the people, such as mobile recharge or money can be given.
Questions and Answers:
Will it work? Plastic crushing units were installed in the railway platform and 10 rupees mobile recharge was being offered for some time. But now these are not functional.
It didn’t work because we are not charging plastic with double or triple rates, in other words, we are not taxing for single-use plastic.
If people are charged extra, a lot extra for plastic, they will return back the plastic for recycling to get back their money.
Go on increasing the selling price of plastic, and return pricing of plastic till everyone starts depositing plastic. Collect the data, and fix the price.
But will it be hard to implement?
No, actually it’s easy to implement, products with single-use plastic just have to declare the selling price and return price of the single-use plastic, that’s all. The return price should be written on the product package. It’s up to the policymakers to decide the return price with collecting data of its working.
It may decrease the selling of products? So sellers can bear loss.
No, as it will impact every seller, i.e. it will also impact the seller competitors. But it will add complexity to the seller, as they have to handle the recycling of plastic.
But it will generate more employment and create a healthy economics.
Economics is not about just selling products and services without taking care of negative externality, it’s about selling products and services that adds value, including services that eliminate negative externalities.
Yes, it requires mature politicians or policy makers at work which we don’t have. — Fair Democracy
In economics, an externality is the cost that affects a party who did not choose to incur that cost.
Costs are passed along to different members of society beyond the producer and consumer.
In unfair democracy, we ask question to PM (e.g. Narendra Modi in India)
Narendra Modiji, Why government is failing provide jobs to all its citizens?
Narendra Modiji, Why we have so much traffic in the roads?
Narendra Modiji, Why rivers of India are so much polluted? What has been done for cleaning it?
Narendra Modiji, Why there are farmer suicide?
Narendra Modiji, Why there is so much air pollution, that millions of people are dying of pulmonary diseases?
Narendra Modiji, Why there are slums?
In fair democracy, we ask questions to concerned departments the real service providers who will solve your problems
Department of education and economics, why government is failing to provide jobs to all its citizens? Department of Public Transport, why we have so much traffic in roads? Department of Pollution and Ecology, why rivers of India are so much polluted? What have been done for cleaning it? Department of Agriculture and Education, Why there are farmer suicide? Department of Air Pollution and Health, Why there is so much air pollution, that millions of people are dying of pulmonary diseases? Department of Engineering and Building, Why there are slums? Why all citizens of India don’t have home?
What is fair democracy?
A fair democracy, without any middleman or brokers such as politicians (MPs, MLAs, PM, CM) and bureaucrats, who delay the implementation. People will transact directly with their service provider departments.
Many people tend to think of animals as large, furry, likeable creatures. In reality, insects are the dominant form of animal life. Close a million species have been described to date—compared with a paltry 5,416 mammals. And depending on who you ask, entomologists suspect there could be two to 30 times as many actually out there.
Not only that, but insects are linchpins of the living world, carrying out numerous functions that make life possible.
Insects pollinate a spectrum of plants, including many of those that humans rely on for food. They also are key players in other important jobs including breaking dead things down into the building blocks for new life, controlling weeds and providing raw materials for medicines. And they provide sustenance for a spectrum of other animals—in fact, the Puerto Rico study showed a decline in density of insect-eating frogs, birds and lizards that paralleled the insect nosedive.
It’s frightening but true: Our planet is now in the midst of its sixth mass extinction of plants and animals — the sixth wave of extinctions in the past half-billion years. We’re currently experiencing the worst spate of species die-offs since the loss of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago
Plastic, plastic and more plastic in oceans
6.5 million tons of litter enter the world’s Ocean each year. 50% is long-lasting plastic that will drift for hundreds of years before it is degraded.
Air pollution in India is estimated to kill 1.5 million people every year; it is the fifth largest killer in India. India has the world’s highest death rate from chronic respiratory diseases and asthma, according to the WHO. In Delhi, poor quality air irreversibly damages the lungs of 2.2 million or 50 percent of all children.
‘Reforms Of India’s Inheritance Laws Inadvertently Increased Female Foeticide And Deaths In Infancy’
From the 1970s onwards, changes in inheritance legislation sought to empower women by strengthening their financial and social position and reducing dependence on male relatives.
The traditional preference for sons was also supposed to lessen, because daughters, backed by possession of the family home, would be able to offer parents security in old age. Equally, this was expected to eradicate the dowry system, a key contributing factor to the perception of a daughter as a financial burden.
Instead, the reforms appear to have had “unintended” effects leading to the “elimination of girls”, as social norms that organise family structures and alliances have not kept pace with changes to the law, the study finds.
“Awarding inheritance rights to women makes parents more averse to having a daughter rather than a son,” the study says. This is because families fear that the cost of having a girl increases because property inherited by women risks falling into the control of her in-laws.
“In a dominantly agricultural household, the land is most important and comes before anything else,” Sen said. “Parents would want to avoid splitting up the property, making it less productive, since the only way of sharing between siblings is by selling the property and distributing the proceeds.”
The proportion of women inheriting property “did not increase significantly following the reform,” the study says. Although laws now allow women to make legal claims to property, very few make such a move, which is perceived as anti-social and rebellious.
“The family is a close knit-system, girls don’t want to go against parents and brothers and fight for property if they are denied it,” Radha Chellappa, child protection and gender advisor at the NGO Save The Children, toldIndiaSpend. “The entire dowry system says that the daughters have already been given a share of the money, so they’re not entitled to the property.”